Amur Leopards: If you like the rarest cat on earth the Amur Leopard, here is a bad news for you, there are only 84 Amur Leopards left in the jungles of Russia and China. Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is a highly endangered species only a few left in the forests along the southernmost border of Primorskii Provicne in Russia and Jilin Province of China.
This new estimate of 84, is recently reported in the Scientific Journal, Conservation Letters. Scientists from China, Russia and United States worked together for this project. These scientists used detailed photographs of Amur Leopards in Camera traps situated on both sides of Chinese and Russian border.
There is no evidence of existence of Amur leopard in other ranges, so this is the final number of global population of the species.
Amur Leopard the Far Eastern leopard
The Amur Leopard is also known as the Far Eastern leopard, it is a leopard subspecies exists in the Primorye region of southeastern Russia and Jilin Province of Northeast China. It is marked as Critically Endangered species by the Scientists. It is considered as rarest big cat on Earth.
The Amur Leopard has a thick coat of spot-covered fur, it’s spot patterns are strongest and shows most consistent divergence. Due to its long hairy fur the Amur leopard is well adapted to deep snow. It is rather small in size in comparison to other leopard species; Male Amur Leopard measure from 42 to 54 Inch with a 32-35 Inch Tail with a weight of 32 to 48 kg, Females are smaller and lighter than males and weigh from 24-42 kg.
Earlier predicted estimates was based on Amur Leopards footprints left in snow, but this method was difficult and error prone. Camera trap method is more effective and comparatively easy as every Amur Leopard can be identified by it’s unique spot pattern.
Surprisingly, one third of Amur Leopards seen and photographed on both side of the border between China and Russia.
“We knew that leopards moved across the border, but only by combining data were we able to understand how much movement there really is.” Said Anya Vitkalova a biologist at Land of the Leopard National Park in Russia. She is one of the lead authors of this research paper on Population of Amur Leopards.
Dale Miquelle, a co-author and Tiger Program Coordinator for the Wildlife Conservation Society said “This first rigorous estimate of the global population of the Amur leopard represents an excellent example of the value of international collaboration. The trust and goodwill generated by this joint effort lays the foundation for future trans- boundary conservation actions.”
Amur Leopards Camera Trap Photos
Below you can see the photos of Amur Leopards taken from a Camera Trap in Russia.
You Can Adopt an Amur Leopard
You can help WWF in its mission to save the Amur Leopards by adopting an amur leopard, see this link and send cute gifts to your friends and relatives.
The WWF is working to secure its habitat; it is establishing anti-poaching teams and developing environmental education programs that showcase the animal’s importance to the region.
Videos of Amur Leopard
Below you can see some rare glimpse of this magnificent creature
Three Documentaries on Amur Leopards
If you want to see this magical animal in its real habitat, you can see these three documentaries based on Amur Leopard’s life in forest.
- The Animal Planet documentary The Last Leopard (2008)
is about the plight of Amur leopards in Russia.
- The television series “Wild Russia” showed a glimpse into the life of Amur leopards.
- Planet Earth episodes “Seasonal Forests” and “From Pole to Pole”.